Tkool Electronics

Introduction74LS138isa3-lineto8-linedecoder/demultiplexer.Thechipisdesignedtobeusedinhigh-performancememory-decodingordata-routingapplications,requiringveryshortpropagationdelaytimes.Inhighperformancememorysystemsthesedecoderscanbeusedtominimizetheeffectsofsystemdecoding.Thethreeenablepinsofchip(inwhichTwoactive-lowandoneactive-high)reducetheneedforexternalgatesorinverterswhenexpanding.CatalogIntroductionIFullAdderCircuitIIResponderCircuitIIILogicFunctionIVFullSubtractorCircuitVThree-inputMajorityVotingFAQOrdering&QuantityIFullAdderCircuitThefulladderhas3inputterminals:An,Bn,Cn-1;2outputterminals:Sn,Cn.The74LS1383-lineto8-linedecoderhas3datainputterminals:A,B,C;3enableterminalsand8outputterminals.Here,the3datainputterminalsofthe3-lineto8-linedecodercanberegardedasthe3inputterminalsofthefulladder.Thatis,theinputsA,B,andCofthe3-lineto8-linedecodercorrespondtotheinputsAn,Bn,andCn-1ofthefulladderrespectively.Setthe3enableterminalsofthe3-lineto8-linedecodertotheeffectiveleveltomaintainnormaloperation.Thekeypointhereistodealwiththerelationshipbetweenthe8outputterminalsofthe3-lineto8-linedecoderandthe2outputsofthefulladder.UsetheoutputOUT(1,2,4,7)ofthe3-lineto8-linedecoderasa4-inputorgateinput,andthegateoutputasthesumoftheadder.UsetheoutputOUT(3,5,6,7)ofthe3-lineto8-linedecoderasa4-inputorgateinput,thegateoutputisusedasthecarryoutputoftheadder.Whentheinputoftheadderis:a=1,b=0,ci=1,theinputofthecorresponding3-lineto8-linedecoderisA=1,B=0,C=1.Theoutputofthedecoderisout(5)=1andtherestis0.Accordingtotheconnectionrelationshipdesignedabove,S=0,CO=1,whichsatisfiesthefunctionoffulladder.Figure1.FullAdderCircuitIIResponderCircuitFigure2.ResponderCircuitIIILogicFunctionF=ABC+ABC+ABC=111+110+101=Y7+Y6+Y5Accordingtotheruleof74LS138,Aisthelowbit(LSB)andDisthehighbit(MSB).The74LS138decodingoutputislowleveleffective.With74LS10NANDgate,theactuallogicisinputlowleveleffectiveorgate.Figure3.CircuitofLogicFunctionIVFullSubtractorCircuitFigure4.FullSubtractorCircuitVThree-inputMajorityVotingThedeviceconsistsofa3-lineto8-linedecoder(74LS138)andtwo4-inputNANDgates(74LS20).Therearethreebuttonsforuser.Pressthebuttontoagree,nottopressmeanstoreject.Whennoonepressesthebutton,orwhenonlyonepersonpressesthebutton,forexample,S1ispressed,butS2andS0arenotpressed.Theredlightison,thegreenlightisoff,andthebuzzerissilent,indicatingveto.Whentwoormorepeoplepressthebutton,forexample,ifS1andS2arepressed,theredlightwillbeoff,thegreenlightwillbeon,andthebuzzerwillsoundtoindicateapass.Use74LS138decoderandfour-inputNANDgate74LS20torealizethislogicfunction.Figure5.CircuitofThree-inputMajorityVotingFAQWhatisthedifferencebetween74hc138and74LS138?Bothhavethesamefunction.74HC138ismadeofhigh-speedCMOSprocess,withlowpowerconsumption,highoutput,lowlevelandwiderange.74LS138adoptstheearlybipolarprocess,anditsdrivingcapabilityisrelativelylarger.Whatisthefunctionaldifferencebetween74ls138decoderand74ls148?74ls138isa3-8wiredecoder/multiplexer,74ls148isan8-3wireoctalpriorityencoder.Oneisdecodingandtheotherisencoding.OppositeeffectWhatsthedifferencebetween74LS138Dand74LS138N?Thosetwoarethesamechip,DisSOPpackage,NisDIPpackage.Whataretheoutputcharacteristicsof74LS138decoder?UnderthepremisethattheenableterminalsS1(activehigh),S2(activelow),andS3(activelow)arevalidatthesametime,onlyoneoutputterminalislowatatime(therestarehigh);Iftheenableterminalisinvalid,theoutputisallhighlevel.Whatdothelettersandnumbersin74ls138standfor?74ls138isa3-8-linedecoder.Thenumber74representsthe74seriesofthe54/74series,andthe74serieshasanoperatingtemperatureof0degreesto70degrees.LSisaseries,representingthelow-powerSchottkyseries.138isthevarietycode.Whatstheworkingprincipleof74ls138?74LS138workingprinciple①Whenonestrobeterminal(E1)ishighlevel,andtheothertwostrobeterminals(E2)and(E3)arelowlevel,attheoutputterminalscorrespondingtoY0toY7,thebinarycodeofaddressterminals(A0,A1,A2)canbedecodedatlowlevel.Forexample:whenA2A1A0=110,theY6outputterminaloutputsalow-levelsignal.②UsingE1,E2andE3,itcanbecascadedtoexpandintoa24-linedecoder;ifanexternalinverterisconnected,itcanalsobecascadedtoexpandintoa32-linedecoder.③Ifoneofthestrobeterminalsisusedasadatainputterminal,74LS138canalsobeusedasadatadistributor.④Itcanbeusedin8086decodingcircuittoexpandmemory.

M76634SS

Appleremoteearpodwillcontroltheshutter.

CC1120

ThesemachinesprovidesolderingcapabilitytobothsmallandlargePCBassemblyareas.

UCC27211

Thisprocessrepeatsuntilthedoorisclosed.

SMBJ20CA-E3/52-VISHAY

rememberbasicthumbrule–higherthewattage.

MATRIX12V

DCMotorSpeedControlUsingLabVIEW:ThisprojectisintendedtobuildasimplecontrollertocontrolthespeedofDCmo

SN74HC02N

MakeanLedBarGraphDisplay(BarGraph)Arduino:InthisprojectwecontroltheswitchingofabunchofLEDsbyusingArd

VS-45LR40-VISHAY

8051familymicrocontrollerisusedasmaincomponentinthisproject.

SMAJ58CA-E3/61-VISHAY

thesedevicesenablehighefficiencyandpowerdensityinAC/DCpower-deliveryapplications(likehyper-scaleande

IHLP2525CZERR10M01-VISHAY

ThesequenceoflightsisprocessedbytheArduino.

COG10

Itcanalsobeusedtodetectthemobilephonesofspiesorincaseofunauthorizeddatatransmission.

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